Status: 03/19/2022 13:28
So far, more than 200,000 people have fled from Ukraine to Germany. There are still unanswered questions about distribution and supply. Deliveries of aid to the war zone continue, especially food.
More than 200,000 war refugees have arrived in Germany since the start of the Russian attack on Ukraine. According to the federal police, 207,742 people have been registered so far. Since there are no fixed internal border controls and Ukrainians can enter without a visa, the actual number is likely to be much higher.
Furthermore, it is not recorded how many of the refugees could travel from Germany to friends or relatives in other countries.
Assistance to refugees from Ukraine presents challenges to cities
Markus Spieker, MDR, Daily Topics 11:15 PM, March 20, 2022
More social benefits demanded
The president of the German Association of Cities, Markus Lewe, is pushing for an expansion of social benefits for refugees from Ukraine. “We demand that people have access to the social security system of the Second Social Code, which applies to the unemployed,” Lewe told newspapers of the media group Funke.
Refugees are also expected to enter the health insurance system in the future, but at the moment they only have rudimentary health protection. “This is because they receive help under the Asylum Seeker Benefits Act,” said the CDU politician. Federal states should conclude framework agreements with health insurance coroner associations as soon as possible, Lewe explained.
Inadequately equipped hospitals
The German Hospital Society (DKG) had previously asked the federal and state governments to clarify how to regulate the admission of sick and injured people from Ukraine. “At the moment we are not in the position we should be in for the transfer of Ukrainian patients and war victims,” the head of the association Gerald Gass told the German publishing network on Friday.
He criticized the lack of resolutions by the federal and state governments. Gass explained that there were still unanswered questions, including how clinics could treat Ukrainian patients without too much bureaucracy, but with legal certainty, and how they could bill for services.
The distribution of refugees continues to spark discussions. City council chairman Lewe again called for an improvement in the distribution of refugees. Cities stand ready to welcome people seeking refuge from this terrible war. “However, the distribution of people in cities and regions needs to be improved,” Lewe said. “Furthermore, smart distribution in the European Union must be successful.”
Disagreement on distribution in the EU
A new dispute is probably brewing in the EU. According to a report by “Spiegel”, member states disagree on the distribution of refugees. An internal report from the German EU representation says Hungary opposed a proposal from Italy, Greece and Luxembourg at a crisis meeting in Brussels last week. The three countries had called for joint efforts “for the sustainable housing of hundreds of thousands of refugees”.
Greece has also put “compulsory solidarity” into play, as the resettlement of refugees will be necessary sooner or later. Representatives of Hungary immediately rejected the proposal as too controversial and “counterproductive”.
Russia’s war against Ukraine began on February 24. According to the United Nations, more than 3.1 million people have fled Ukraine abroad since then. So far, around two million people have arrived in Poland alone.
Food deliveries in Ukraine
In addition to caring for refugees, deliveries of aid to people still in Ukraine also continue. According to Federal Minister of Agriculture Cem Özdemir (Greens), the German food industry has already delivered more than 3,000 tons of food to Ukraine. In early March, the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture set up a food aid coordination office for the German food industry for Ukraine.
According to Özdemir, the total volume of deliveries promised by German food companies, including goods already delivered, currently stands at 130 trucks with over 4,100 pallets. In particular, basic foodstuffs, beverages such as water and fruit juices, baby food, as well as fish, meat and canned food would be delivered. German aid was distributed among other things in the direction of Kharkiv, Kyiv and Zaporizhia.
Özdemir stressed: “Solidarity with Ukraine and its people is a question of humanity”. He would like to thank all the companies in Germany who provided help quickly and without bureaucracy. “We are doing everything we can to help people in war zones,” the minister said.
Danko Handrick, ARD Prague, currently Uschgorod / Ukraine, on the situation and mood of refugees
tagesschau24 15:00, 19.3.2022