Government wants to integrate refugees into the labor market quickly | free press


With registration of qualifications, many more language courses and easier recognition of qualifications, refugees from Ukraine should be able to quickly find good job opportunities in Germany.

This is the goal that Federal Labor Minister Hubertus Heil (SPD) formulated after a high-level meeting with employers, trade unions, chambers, crafts, the Federal Employment Agency and others in Berlin on Wednesday. “It will also be an important task for our welfare state, which we are addressing,” Heil said.

“We are probably dealing with the largest refugee movement since World War II,” Heil says. The economic consequences already felt should be mitigated with part-time work and financial aid. Welcoming many refugees, giving them protection and taking care of them is a “great humanitarian task”.

The residence permit also allowed Ukrainian refugees immediate access to the labor market. “We don’t see people who come to us primarily as workers, but as people in need of protection,” Heil said. Access to language courses has already been created. “But we also need to launch and expand language courses.” More options should also be created for childcare, so that health workers can be used among refugees.

Many with university degrees

Central is the registration of qualifications. About half of Ukrainians also have an academic education. But the professions are not identical to those in Germany. Properly trained people should not work as unskilled workers, but they should find suitable jobs in Germany. In order to be able to recognize the qualifications, further talks were agreed with the Federal Minister of Education, the Conference of Ministers of Education and the Conference of State Labor Ministers. Heil described this as a complicated process that should now be carried out quickly.

There are still no figures as to how many of those affected are already working in Germany or are expected to be on the job market soon, Heil said. It is believed that in the future they will no longer be supported by the Benefits Act for Asylum Seekers, but by the Social Security Code II. So the employment centers would be responsible.

Pragmatic approach required

Employer President Rainer Dulger said: “In order to be able to help quickly and without bureaucracy, what is needed above all is a pragmatic and efficient approach.” Employers are ready to make their contribution to integration into the labor market and training. “What awaits us is a task for society as a whole, in which politics and business must work together.” In order to support employment for those who want to stay, it is important to build capacity for language acquisition and to remove bureaucratic obstacles, for example with professional recognition.

Since the start of the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine, federal police have identified 283,365 war refugees in Germany. Since Ukrainian passport holders can enter the country without a visa for 90 days, many arrivals are likely not included in the number.

Vocational schools and colleges in Germany have now welcomed more than 20,000 students from Ukraine, as reported by the Conference of Education Ministers. However, the actual number is likely to be significantly higher, as there is still no data from the more populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt and Hamburg. Education politicians estimate that around half of the war refugees arriving in Germany are children and young people.

Federal aid planned

From the perspective of cities, greater control and support from the federal government in the distribution, registration and accommodation of war refugees is needed. If, as currently predicted by the federal government, almost one million refugees actually arrive, the vacant apartments would have to be made habitable again within a few months through a special program and used to accommodate refugees. “It would be a very important relief,” said Kiel Mayor Ulf Kaempfer (SPD) after a meeting of the presidium of the German Association of Cities.

City council president and mayor of Münster, Markus Lewe (CDU), said he was pleased that Chancellor Olaf Scholz (SPD) invited municipal umbrella organizations to a meeting next Friday. A refugee summit with representatives of federal, state and local governments is also needed.

The labor market policy of the CDU Mareike Lotte Wulf has requested the temporary suspension of the individual exam for the recognition of the selected professions. It must be ensured “that women who come to us can get into qualified professions and not into support activities,” said Wulf of the German news agency. (Dpa)

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