These are the world record holders

Sequoia, bald cypress and Co.

These are the world record holders for trees

Berlin.Mixed species-rich forests are the basis for a functioning ecosystem. With the annual Arbor Day on April 25, the German Forest Protection Association wants to draw attention to its call for sustainable forest management. In many regions of the world, trees show their multifaceted nature:

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The green giant

Named after a titan from Greek mythology, the “Hyperion” coastal sequoia sits a whopping 116 meters in California’s Redwood National Park. According to the Guinness Book of Records, the exact location has not been revealed to protect the estimated 600 to 800 year old giant from the influx of visitors. For comparison: Germany’s tallest tree is a Freiburg Douglas fir, which is 67 meters high and has the less majestic name “Waldtraut vom Mühlwald”.

California’s Redwood National Park is known for its meter-high redwoods.

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The ancients of the Bronze Age

At an altitude of over 3,000 meters, “Prometheus” was unrivaled, but he was not immortal. The five-meter-high bristlecone pine was felled in 1963 on Mount Wheeler in the US state of Nevada. Due to the slower development in the hostile environment, the time between offspring and deforestation is estimated to be between 4900 and 5200 years, despite approximately 4870 tree rings. “There is a good chance there are older pines that have not yet been dated,” writes the US National Parks Administration.

Still alive, but a little younger than Prometheus, is Methuselah – also a bristled pine – in California’s White Mountains at an altitude of 3,000 meters. At around 4,800 years old, it was the oldest known living tree in the world for a long time – until around 2010, a researcher claimed to have spotted an unnamed specimen of the same species in the White Mountains, which is said to be nearly 5,070 years old. Ultimately, this is not confirmed. The exact locations of both trees are unknown.

The sexiest nut in the world

The Seychelles palm is at home only in the archipelago in the Indian Ocean. A coco de mer – or double coconut – can exceed 50 centimeters in diameter and weigh more than 20 kilograms. It is considered the most erotic fruit in the world: it resembles a woman’s womb, the inflorescence on the tree looks like a meter long penis. Due to threats such as fires, logging and fruit poaching, the palm, with only around 8,000 remaining, is one of the endangered species.

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The robust bald cypress

A bald cypress in the Mexican city of Santa María del Tule is known for its mighty stability. For the “Árbol del Tule”, the Guinness Book records a trunk circumference of about 36 meters (diameter about 11.5 meters) since 2005. But there is also other information: the municipal administration provides a diameter of 14.05 meters, Mexican scientists even write 2020 of 14.36 meters at chest height. And the tree keeps growing.

The tule tree in the city of Santa Maria del Tule in Oaxaca, southern Mexico, has the widest trunk in the world and is estimated to be 2,000 years old.

The tule tree in the city of Santa Maria del Tule in Oaxaca, southern Mexico, has the widest trunk in the world and is estimated to be 2,000 years old.

The robust giants

The giant sequoias of the Sierra Nevada in California have the thickest bark in the world. According to the Guinness Book, the orange-red spongy bark can measure up to 121 centimeters depending on the age and circumference of the trunk. Giants, up to more than 80 meters tall, are among the most resistant to fire, disease and insects. They can live up to 3400 years. After the extreme heat of a forest fire, their cones drop seeds onto the mineral soil left by the fire.

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The tree of knowledge

In this world that tree cannot be touched or visited, because it exists only by faith. According to biblical tradition, the tree of knowledge is found in the middle of the Garden of Eden. Because Adam and Eve broke God’s prohibition and tasted its fruits, they were expelled from heaven. It is not specified that it is an apple. The motif of the later tradition is probably the Latin word “malum”: with a short “a” it means “disaster”, with a long vowel “apple”.

RND / dpa

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